Glossary with audio assistance
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the breakdown of excess amino acids in the liver, whereby the amine group is removed and converted to ammonia and eventually urea before excretion
teeth seen in the young animal soon after birth. These are shed after a few months and are replaced by the permanent teeth.
act of passing feces from the rectum
the act of swallowing
the degree of blackening of the radiograph
structure situated at the base of the hair follicle containing nerves and blood vessels, which supply nutrients necessary for hair growth
the process of losing moisture or “drying out” when exposed to air
a chemical solution which converts exposed silver bromide crystals into silver metal within the emulsion during processing
production of faeces that contain an excess amount of water
a space between teeth. There is a natural space in the jaw of rodents and herbivores where canine teeth would be found in other species.
relaxation stage of the cardiac cycle. The term applies to both atrial and ventricular relaxation.
the net movement, as a result of random motion of its particles, of a substance from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration
the process by which food materials are broken down into small soluble chemical units
cells with the full number of chromosomes, each in pairs. These include most cells within the animal’s body.
the number of chromosomes (2n) found in the nucleus of all cells except gametes which are haploid cells
a chemical used to control, prevent and destroy pathogens present on inanimate objects - although it is not usually active against bacterial spores. The process does not necessarily kill all micro-organisms, but reduces then to a level acceptable for a defined purpose, for example a level which is considered not harmful to health. (Note, the difference between “disinfectants” and “antiseptics” which are applied to living tissues.)
the removal or inactivation of pathogenic micro-organisms but not necessarily of bacterial spores
to loose inhibitions and become exited
increased amount of urine produced
drugs used to increase the production of urine by the kidneys and so reduce water retention in the body
a device for monitoring exposure to X-rays
classification of drugs within the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001
food residue after being heated to remove all the water
smaller than normal size
abnormal shedding of the skin of reptiles
difficult parturition; difficulty giving birth
difficulty in passing urine