Glossary with audio assistance


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A

Aerobic

requiring oxygen for life and growth


Aerobic respiration

the enzymatic release of energy from the oxidation of organic compounds in living cells in a process requiring oxygen


Afferent nerve fibres

carry nerve impulses towards the central nervous system


Agonal gasp

a terminal breathing pattern where the animal appears to be gasping for breath


Agonist

something which increases a response


Albumin

the most abundant plasma protein. Principally responsible for maintenance of circulating blood volume by preventing too much water leaving the capillaries by osmosis.

Allele

one of two or more different forms of a gene. Different alleles of a gene occupy the same locus on a pair of homologous chromosomes.


Alleles

these are alternative forms of a gene, showing different options for the same gene e.g. red, black, white coat coloring. Each has a specific place or ‘locus’ on the chromosome.


Alopecia

A partial or complete loss of hair in areas where it is normally present


AMTRA

Animal Medicines Training Regulatory Authority


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